Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites. Wish I would have seen this years ago it would have been helpful. I love collecting beautiful jewelry. I’m not sure what is giving people the impression someone will be appraising their jewelry, or even answering their questions, as nowhere is it even suggested – much less stated – that these services will be provided. The reason you are not getting responses is because you are posting them in a “comments” forum.
Order of Leopold I, early Knight class in civil Division. Very nice example manufactured by C. We prefer to simply call it ‘Buls type 2’ crown. Other than the crown, there are several interesting variations on Buls’s crosses – especially the appearance of the lion in the centres. Many forms are known and we believe that crowned lions belong in the earliest period of firm’s production line. Presence of well detailed manufacturer’s mark would likely indicate earlier vintage of the production also.
The earliest examples of bronze vessels were unearthed in Erlitou (二里头), near the modern city of Luoyang in Henan province, which may or may not represent the earliest named Shang capital, Bo (亳), if not a still earlier Xia dynasty site.
View 1 more image Newser — Archaeologists digging around the site of an ancient community in England have made what one calls a “once-in-a-career discovery”—bronze fittings from a chariot dating back to the Iron Age, reports LiveScience. The intricately designed pieces were crafted around the second or third century BC and seem to have been buried as part of some kind of religious ritual, perhaps in honor of the nobleman or warrior who would have owned such a chariot.
They had been enclosed in a box that was burned, researchers at the University of Leicester explain via Phys. The ritual also might have marked the end of a season or the dismantling of a home at the site in Leicester, known as the Burrough Hill Iron Age Hillfort. The pieces included linchpins with three waving lines, a design that looks similar to the modern flag for the Isle of Man, a British dependency.
It’s not clear, though, whether an entire chariot was buried, or just some decorative parts.
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Ganneval probably came from the area of Saint-Claude where he had learned making wooden pipes. Bondier’s family obviously came from Paris and had emigrated in to Geneva. He himself had worked as a wood turner in the clay and china pipe industry in and around Saint-Claude making stem extensions etc. Donninger was an Austrian or Swiss and had worked in Vienna, the world’s center of the Meerschaum pipe.
This was backed up by the fact that there were no Middle Bronze Age sites in the area but only Early Bronze Age sites. Interestingly the Early Bronze Age was the same period as the Ebla archive (Freedman , p. ).
The cremation graves at the Broechem cemetery prov. Ludowici, B, Panhuysen, T, editors. Transformations in North-Western Europe. Proceedings of the 60th Sachsensymposion, 19—23 September , Maastricht. Neue Studien zur Sachsenforschung 3. Rapport provisoire des fouilles — Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon dates. Excavations at Ursel East-Flanders — Prehistoric Occupation and Roman Cemetery. Een blik op een decennium archeologisch onderzoek op Gallo-Romeinse vindplaatsen in Oost-Vlaanderen.
Palmyra priest statue among haul of recovered Syrian relics
This attractive bronze medal lists several dates of engagements that unit took active part in. Very well designed by Morbiducci and manufactured by the firm of F. Complete with ribbon appears to be proper replacement , large medal – measuring 38mm in diameter. Condition is excellent these medals are normally found in rather poor condition.
However by the dating picture was changing, and Joe Seger, from a Palestinian perspective, suggests that the termination of the Middle Bronze age was more gradual and took nearly a century — the end of MB coming as late as BC, instead of as Albright postulated (Hoffmeier ).
This network imported tin and charcoal to Cyprus , where copper was mined and alloyed with the tin to produce bronze. Bronze objects were then exported far and wide, and supported the trade. Isotopic analysis of tin in some Mediterranean bronze artifacts points to the fact that they may have originated from Great Britain. The Minoan civilization based in Knossos on the island of Crete appears to have coordinated and defended its Bronze Age trade.
Illyrians are also believed to have roots in the early Bronze Age. Ancient empires valued luxury goods in contrast to staple foods , leading to famine. Bronze Age collapse Bronze Age collapse theories have described aspects of the end of the Age in this region. At the end of the Bronze Age in the Aegean region, the Mycenaean administration of the regional trade empire followed the decline of Minoan primacy.
This would indicate that the trade network may have failed, preventing the trade that would previously have relieved such famines and prevented illness caused by malnutrition. It is also known that in this era the breadbasket of the Minoan empire, the area north of the Black Sea , also suddenly lost much of its population, and thus probably some capacity to cultivate crops.
The Aegean Collapse has also been attributed to the fact that as iron tools became more common, the main justification for the tin trade ended, and that trade network ceased to function as it did formerly. Speculation include a tsunami from Thera more commonly known today as Santorini destroyed Cretan cities. If the eruption occurred in the late 17th century BC as most chronologists now think then its immediate effects belong to the Middle to Late Bronze Age transition, and not to the end of the Late Bronze Age; but it could have triggered the instability that led to the collapse first of Knossos and then of Bronze Age society overall.
One such theory looks to the role of Cretan expertise in administering the empire, post-Thera.
Chinese Zhou ritual vessel
How are antique doorbells installed? What is “antique” hardware? An antique, according to the federal government United States Customs is an item over years old. For the purposes of dating antique hardware we typically rely on the date of an antique hardware catalogue which shows the item or, in some instances, the age of the building it was removed from. There are as many definitions of “vintage” as there are queries. Within this web site I consider an item as vintage if it is over 50 years old.
Feb 23, · Radiocarbon dating and Bronze Age burials part 1 February 23, · by SamWOsteo · in Bronze age burials, Radiocarbon dating. Things have been very busy lately, what with my digging full time, working on publications, and trying to organise myself for my forthcoming trip to Bestansur (mega-excited about this one).
The authors confirm that all data underlying the findings are fully available without restriction. All relevant data are within the paper and its Supporting Information files. Abstract Over 60 recent analyses of animal bones, plant remains, and building timbers from Assiros in northern Greece form an unique series from the 14th to the 10th century BC. With the exception of Thera, the number of 14C determinations from other Late Bronze Age sites in Greece has been small and their contribution to chronologies minimal.
The absolute dates determined for Assiros through Bayesian modelling are both consistent and unexpected, since they are systematically earlier than the conventional chronologies of southern Greece by between 70 and years. They have not been skewed by reference to assumed historical dates used as priors. They support high rather than low Iron Age chronologies from Spain to Israel where the merits of each are fiercely debated but remain unresolved.
Dates based on 14C dating methods have had wide error margins and the complexities of the calibration curve for the final centuries of the second millennium BC preclude the precise dating of a single sample using 14C techniques alone. Even where the samples and dating techniques are more varied, as in the case of the array of absolute dates determined for the Thera eruption, these have been viewed by some archaeologists with suspicion, particularly since they are offset from the conventional chronology by around years and remain the subject of lively debate .
Recent analyses of material from Egypt have, however, confirmed that the Egyptian 14C and historical chronologies are compatible and strengthen our conviction that the Thera 14C dates are correct  —  Studies of material from Argos  and Aegina  in Greece and more widely in the Eastern Mediterranean  all lead to similar conclusions. In Greece substantial pieces of wood charcoal suitable for dendrochronological determination are exceptionally rare and it is not yet possible to link those available with the near-absolutely placed Anatolian conifer core sequence.
Similarly, few sites have provided more than a handful of charcoal samples, usually far from ideal for dating purposes. Although the precision of 14C measurements has improved steadily and Bayesian modelling has provided a powerful tool for the analysis of the results, these results can be no better than the quality of the samples available. At Assiros in northern Greece  Fig.
The following are questions I am frequently asked – with ANSWERS!
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The pottery found in these three phases was similar and belongs to the brief transition period from the end of the Middle Bronze Age IIA to the start of the Middle Bronze Age IIB. We have ascribed the foundation of the city-wall to about BCE.
Built of marble of various colours, it is home to the double staircase leading to the foyers and the various floors of the theatre. At the bottom of the stairs, a true theatre within the theatre, two female allegories holding torches greet spectators. The auditorium In the tradition of Italian theatre, the horseshoe-shaped “French” auditorium, so-called for the way the seats are arranged according to their category, was designed for the audience to see and to be seen.
Its metallic structure, hidden by marble, stucco, velvet and gilding, supports the weight of the 8-ton bronze and crystal chandelier with its lights. The house curtain was created by theatrical painters Auguste Rube and Philippe Chaperon , following Charles Garnier’s instructions. The curtain was replaced by an identical one in both and Salon du glacier, Foyers At the end of a long gallery is the Rotunde du Glacier, a fresh and bright rotunda with a ceiling painted by Clairin and featuring dancing bacchantes and fauna, along with tapestries illustrating different refreshments as well as fishing and hunting.
The vault of the Avant-Foyer is covered with mosaics of shimmering colours on a gold background. The view of the Grand Staircase is spectacular. The play of light between mirrors and windows in the Grand Foyer further accentuates the latter’s vast dimensions.
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Expert – Mar 28, – by Bryant G. Excerpt In , Dr. The following article engages with Bienkowski’s criticisms, providing the reader with an in-depth analysis of some of the work done at Jericho, and demonstrating Dr. Wood’s expertise and thorough familiarity with the evidence. This article provides some additional data not published in Dr.
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Human sweat can reduce bacteria defenses of door knobs and taps June 18, Sweaty hands can reduce the effectiveness of bacteria-fighting brass objects in hospitals and schools after just an hour of coming into contact with them, according to scientists at the University of Leicester. Study of copper connections uncovers route to improving the reliability of electronic devices January 15, One in five electronic-device failures is a result of corrosion. Bonds, the metal connections that enable the current to flow from one component to the next see image , are a particular weak point.
However, while no UK health assessment has taken place, scientists in Copper nanowires could become basis for new solar cells April 26, Phys. Louis engineer Parag Banerjee, PhD, and his team discovered how copper sprouts grass-like nanowires that could one day be made Graphene is thinnest known anti-corrosion coating February 22, New research has established the “miracle material” called graphene as the world’s thinnest known coating for protecting metals against corrosion.
Their study on this potential new use of graphene appears in ACS Nano. Scientists discover a novel way to make ethanol without corn or other plants April 9, Stanford University scientists have found a new, highly efficient way to produce liquid ethanol from carbon monoxide gas. This promising discovery could provide an eco-friendly alternative to conventional ethanol production Recommended for you Solving mazes with single-molecule DNA navigators November 16, The field of intelligent nanorobotics is based on the great promise of molecular devices with information processing capabilities.
In a new study that supports the trend of DNA-based information carriers, scientists have A way to make batteries almost any shape desired November 16, A team of researchers from Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Harvard University and Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology has developed a way to make batteries in almost any shape that can be imagined. Graphene flickers at Hz in ppi displays November 16, With virtual reality VR sizzling in every electronic fair, there is a need for displays with higher resolution, frame rates and power efficiency.
Archaeologists Find Rare Iron Age Chariot Parts
Ric June 3, at Andrew Dowling June 3, at Jasmine August 24, at 2: When I was 51, I married my year-old Knight in Shining Armor and immediately had a midlife pregnancy scare.
Dating the Thera (Santorini) eruption: archaeological and scientiﬁc evidence supporting a high chronology Late Bronze Age, Minoan eruption, radiocarbon dating, chronology Introduction For several decades there has been a debate over the date of the Late Bronze Age Minoan.
Excerpt Undoubtedly, one of the hottest topics in the field of OT biblical studies in recent years is the dating of the Exodus. On the side of the latter view, biblical archaeologists such as James Hoffmeier contend that a 13th century BC Exodus better fits the material evidence, in large part due to alleged connections between sites mentioned in the biblical text—such as the store-city of Raamses Exod 1: Tags Support Like this artice?
Our Ministry relies on the generosity of people like you. Every small donation helps us develop and publish great articles. The biblical text requires that the former is true, while archaeology requires that the latter is true.